Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What is Natural Gas?
A:Natural gas is a combustible, gaseous mixture of simple hydrocarbon compounds, usually found in deep underground reservoirs formed by porous rock. Natural gas is a fossil fuel composed almost entirely of methane, but does contain minute amounts of other gases.
Q: What is the Florida Natural Gas Association (FNGA)?
A:The Florida Natural Gas Association (FNGA) is a non-profit organization that promotes and encourages the growth of the natural gas industry in the state of Florida. It also seeks to protect the interests of the industry, its members and consumers. Members include distribution companies, transmission pipelines, natural gas supply marketers and affiliate members. With a membership of more than 100 companies, the FNGA represents every segment of the natural gas industry.
Q: What is Natural Gas Used For In Florida?
A:Natural gas has a wide range of applications. Homes and businesses use natural gas for heat-intensive applications, such as water heating, cooking, clothes drying, grilling, pool/spa heating, etc. Common industrial uses include manufacturing, agriculture and standby generation. Also, a large percentage of Florida’s natural gas consumption is used for electric power generation, and it is rapidly gaining momentum as an alternative transportation fuel.
Q: What are the Main Benefits of Natural Gas?
A: Natural gas is cleaner and more efficient than non-gas energy sources, resulting in smaller carbon footprints, reduced energy waste and the conservation of valuable energy resources. Since natural gas is domestically produced, it also reduces America’s dependence on foreign oil while creating jobs. For the end-user, advantages include greater reliability and hurricane-ready comfort, as well as substantial cost and energy savings—especially when used in business and industry.
Q: How Does Natural Gas Reach Consumers?
A:Three segments of the natural gas industry are involved in delivering natural gas from the wellhead to the consumer. Production companies explore, drill and extract natural gas from the ground. Transmission companies operate the pipelines that link the gas fields to major consuming areas. Distribution companies are the local utilities that deliver natural gas to the customer. And since natural gas is delivered to homes and businesses via an underground pipeline, it provides nearly 100% reliable service—even during emergencies, hurricanes and power outages.
Q: Does Natural Gas Have a Strong Safety Record?
A:Natural gas has a strong safety record and is considered to be one of the safest energy sources available. In fact, over the past 10 years, safety incidents throughout the U.S. have decreased by 38% due to industry efforts, while the amount of natural gas delivered to customers increased by nearly 25% during the same period.
Q: Why Do Natural Gas Prices Fluctuate?
A:All energy prices fluctuate, including electricity and the cost of gasoline at the pump. While natural gas is an economical energy choice, the cost is dependent upon various factors, including the volume of natural gas purchased, associated state and local taxes, market supply and demand, utility tariffs and more.
Q: Are There Any Natural Gas Rebates Or Incentives Currently Available?
A:While rebate amounts and availability vary by Florida utility, potential rebates and incentives may be available to offset the initial cost of purchasing/installing natural gas appliances. This may possibly include up to $1,750 cash back on a residential water heater, range, clothes dryer and furnace, up to $450 in residential tax credits, and a rebate of up to $50 per ton for commercial space conditioning equipment. Consumers can contact their local natural gas utility to learn about any rebates or other special offers that may be available.